Instruction for authors

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Enacted in February 1999, most recently revised in October 2023.


Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science (JKBNS) is the official journal of the Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science, and the abbreviated title is “J Korean Biol Nurs Sci.”

JKBNS is a peer-reviewed journal that seeks to promote the development and dissemination of nursing knowledge in the biological nursing disciplines, focusing on the biological · physiological characteristics of subjects and the environment.

Its scope includes the latest research on theory, practice, education, and policy related to biological nursing, and specifically includes understanding of biological changes in health and disease, research methods · tools · techniques, and nursing interventions related to biological · physiological research. It publishes topics on effective education and policy in the biological nursing. Other topics may be published according to the decision of the Editorial Board.

Its regional focus is mainly Korea, but it welcomes submissions from researchers and nurses all over the world.

JKBNS is published quarterly in February, May, August, and November with articles in Korean with English abstracts or in English.

All articles in this journal are indexed in the Korea Citation Index (KCI), KoreaMed database, EBSCO Discovery Service Index, Academic Search Ultimate (ASU) database, and Google scholar.


1. Research Ethics

The research and publication ethics guidelines of JKBNS abide by the recommendation of the Committee on Publication Ethics, COPE, ), the Council of Science Editors (CSE, http://www., International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE,, and Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors (KAMJE,

1) For studies to be conducted with human subjects, authors must include a statement that informed consent and patient anonymity be conformed under the provisions of the Declaration of Helsinki (

2) Studies to be conducted with animal subjects must state that the work was performed according to NIH Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals ( ). Experiments involving animals should be reviewed by a suitably constituted Ethics Committee of the Institution for the care and use of animals.

3) The authors must be able to state that the study to be conducted with human or animal subjects has been approved by an Institutional Review Board (IRB, IACUC). Also, the approval number should be identified in the manuscript. In cases of secondary data analysis, meta-analysis, systematic review, and literature review, an exemption of IRB approval may be required based on the decision of the editorial board.

2. Authorship

1) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for the content. Authorship credits should be based on the authorship criteria of ICMJE, 2013 ( ), which means only substantial contributions to (i) conception and design, or analysis and interpretation of data; (ii) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (iii) final approval of the version to be published; and (iv) agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are investigated and resolved appropriately. Conditions (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv) must all be met.

2) The first author and corresponding author should be a member of the Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science. When the manuscript written by international researchers or non-nursing researchers meets the aims and scope of JKBNS, the paper may be submitted by the decision of the editorial board.

3) Any master’s degree or doctoral degree thesis must be clearly presented in the cover letter. The degree holder must be the 1 st author of the thesis.

4) Any changes in the authorship (addition, deletion, or change in the order) must be approved by the editorial board prior to the publication.

3. Conflict of Interest

Authors should declare any financial support or relationships that may pose conflicts of interest. The corresponding author is required to disclose the authors’ potential conflicts of interest possibly influencing their interpretation of data. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership or other equity interests of patent-licensing arrangements, and grants or other funding. Potential conflicts of interest should be disclosed to the Editor-in-Chief with disclosure form (
If permission from the relevant parties is required in relation to copyright., authors must obtain permission before submitting the paper, and must confirm that there will be no dispute on contracts or ownership with the publication of the paper.

4. Authors contributing papers to the journal shall be free from following fraudulence or unethical misconduct by following the standards (COPE, ) presented in the COPE Flowcharts:

  • 1) Forgery: recording or reporting materials or research outputs which have been falsified.
  • 2) Alteration: manipulating research materials, equipment or process and/or changing or omitting materials or research outputs so as to render research records untrue.
  • 3) Plagiarism: appropriating others’ ideas, processes, outputs, or records in an unauthorized manner.
  • 4) Expression of Improper Authorship: This refers to cases of not granting fair authorship to those who contributed scientifically or technologically to an accomplishment of each study, or granting authorship to whom out of scientific or technological contribution to the accomplishment of each study.
  • 5) Improperly Duplicated Publication: This refers to cases of authors published identical or papers similar to other or his/her previous works without expressing the original sources thereof with intentions to attain unlawful profits such as securing research grants or academic accomplishment etc.
  • 6) Interference in Investigation on Fraudulence or Unethical Misconduct: This refers to intentional interference in investigations on fraudulence or unethical misconduct including behaviors endamaging informants etc.
  • 7) Other behaviors or practices seriously exceed the scopes commonly accepted in each discipline.

5. Avoid duplicate publication and simultaneous submission

  • 1) Submission is not permitted as long as a manuscript is under review with another journal.
  • 2) For the journal to carry any duplicated publication is not permitted regardless of whether part or all of them have been published, printed, recorded, and/or registered in an academic journal in other languages, electronically or otherwise.
  • 3) The editorial board will decide whether the relevant manuscript is duplicately published and examined. If a duplicate publication or simultaneous submission related to the manuscript is detected, the authors will not be permitted to submit a manuscript to JKBNS for three years.

6.Treatment of Cases in Violation of Research Ethics

1) The cases in violation of research ethics found from examination or after the publication of papers contributed to the Journal of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science shall be deliberated and be treated with follow-up measures determined according to the following procedure.

2) Editorial Committee of the Journal of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science shall deliberate on violations of research &publication ethics and determine the presence of violation. On the judgment of the violation of research & publication ethics, the Editorial Committee shall request author(s) of corresponding violation to withdraw contributed paper(s) remaining in the process of examination for publication. For papers of the violation found after publication, the Editorial Committee shall revoke corresponding paper(s) and prohibit citation therefrom by its official authority.

3) If the Editorial Committee is in the conflict of interests with the case(s) of violation of research &publication ethics, then the deliberation thereof shall be referred to the (IRB or Committee of Research Ethics) to deliberate and determine the presence of violation.

4) The follow-up measures for cases of violation of research & publication ethics are as follows:

  • (1) The revocation with reasons behind the revocation of corresponding papers of violation shall be specified clearly, be opened to the public, and be preserved.
  • (2) Author(s) of the case(s) of violation shall be prohibited from contributing papers to the Journal of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science for at least the next three years.
  • (3) The case(s) of violation shall be notified through the Journal of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science.
  • (4) The National Research Foundation of Korea shall be informed of the details of the treatment of case(s) of violation of research &publication ethics.
  • (5) For case(s) of violation of paper(s) completed with the aid of research grant(s), the grantor(s) shall be informed of the details thereof.
  • (6) Author(s) (corresponding to behaviors of fraudulence or unethical misconduct) shall be alerted with a written warning; the institutions affiliated shall be informed thereby.

5) Member(s), non-members of the Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science, and paper(s), contributed to the Journal of Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science and found relevant to the violation of research & publication ethics, shall be treated according to follow-up measures determined by the deliberation thereon.

6) Documents related to the investigation of scientific misconduct will be stored at the editorial office for three years.

7. Supplementary rules

Details regarding research ethics not specified in this ethical consideration follow the guideliens of the lCMJE and the Ministry of Education (Guideliens for securing research ethics). Alternatively, the research ethics guidenlies of the Korean Society of Nursing Science may be applied.


1. Manuscripts should be submitted electronically via the manuscript submission system of the website of the Korean Journal of Biological Nursing Science ( ) with a cover sheet.

2. JKBNS publishes the following types of papers.

  • Original Articles: These are full papers reporting of empirical findings from basic and clinical research studies within the scope of JKBNS. These include studies using diverse approaches such as qualitative research, development of an instrument, survey research, experimental studies, and information-based studies.
  • Review Articles: These include critical presentations of topics of interest to those relevant to theory, practice, and education within the biological nursing field. The details of the literature search methodology should be provided. These include meta-analysis or systemic review etc.
  • Invited Articles: These are written by an invited expert, which provides a review of an important theme in the biological nursing
  • Editorials: An editorial is usually invited by the Editorial Board. It provides the present hot issue in biologial nursing, topics for the presentation of experiences in nursing or health field, and journal reports by the Editorial Board

3. Any manuscript which does not meet the instruction for authors shall be not accepted.

4. Copyright
Copyright Agreement Form that includes all the author's signatures should be submitted online at submission. All material published in the journal will be copyrighted by Korean Society of Biological Nursing Science. This journal is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-No Derivation (CC by ND), so refer to Creative Commons Attribution-NonDerives,

5. Authors should pay for the review fee specified by the Society.


1. Manuscripts should be written in Korean or English. Bibliography and abstract should be written in English.

2. Manuscripts must be prepared according to the National Library of Medicine (NLM) Style Guide for Authors (

3. The length of the manuscript in Korean should be within 4,400 words (excluding abstract, references, tables and figures) and that in English is limited to 5,000 words.

4. All the manuscripts should be typewritten, double-spaced with Sinmyungjo of 10 font size in Hangul (.hwp) or Times New Roman of 12 font size in Microsoft Word (.doc), using margins of at least 25 mm.

5. Medical terms must be based on the recent edition of "Standard Nursing Terminology" published by the Korean Society of Nursing Science and "English-Korean Medical Terminology" published by the Korean Medical Association.

6. Expand all abbreviations at first mention in the text. Do not use abbreviations in the title.

7. Generic names of pharmaceuticals should be used. Appliances and equipment should be mentioned with their model name, manufacturer, city (state), and nationality declared in parentheses and English. Brand names should be used in discretion.

8. A space is required between English text and the parentheses or between number and the parentheses. There is no space between Korean text and the parentheses.

9. Authors should get permission to use research tools for their studies from the copyright owners.


Original articles

Organize the manuscript in the following order, the title of the article, English abstract, text (introduction, methods, results, discussion, conclusion, conflict of interest, authorship, funding, data availability, acknowledgement), references, tables, figures, and supplement. Tables and figures begin on a new page. The text of the manuscript should not include any identifying information, such as the authors’ names or affiliations, to ensure a blind review. Title page should be prepared as a separate file from the main text.

Review articles

Submitted are welcomed on any filed according to the aims and scope, including systematic review, meta-analysis, scoping review, and integrative review. The main text should be within 8,000 words and consists of an introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. There is no limit to the total number of references. For systematic review, mete-analysis, a list of reviewed papers should be submitted as a supplement.

Invited articles

Authors are invited by the Editorial Board and the word count of the main text should be within 4,000. Articles consist of introduction, main text, and reference. References should be limited to 50 or less, and the abstract is optional.


An editorial is invited by the Editorial Board. The topics are discussed between editors and authors before submission. There is no specific format.

1. Title page

  • 1) The title page must include title, running title, all authors, keywords, word count of English abstract, numbers of references, disclosure. The author must state that the manuscript has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.
  • 2) The title is written in Korean and English, and only the first letter is capitalized in English. For articles on human subjects, describe the country, and add a colon at the end of the title and describe the research design.
  • 3) All authors' names (Korean, English), affiliations, ORCID, and contact information for corresponding author (name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and email address) should be listed.
  • 4) Disclosure regarding funding, thesis, conflict of interest should be described in Korean and English.

2. Abstract

An abstract of no more than 250 words for articles (excluding tile of the article) should be typed double-spaced on a separate page. It should cover the main factual points, including purpose, methods, results, and conclusion. Three to five English keywords should be accompanied by an abstract based on Medical Subject Headings (MeSH, ).

3. Text

The text of the article is usually divided into sections with the headings: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Conflict of interest, Authorship, Funding, Data availability, and Acknowledgement.

  • Introduction: Clarify the background of this study and the purpose of the study.
  • Methods: Describe with subheadings the research design, samples, instruments, data collection procedure, ethical consideration, and statistical analysis (or data analysis) used. Ensure correct use of the terms sex (when reporting biological factors) and gender (identity, psychosocial or cultural factors), and, unless inappropriate, report the sex or gender of study participants, the sex of animals or cells, and describe the methods used to determine sex or gender. If the study was done involving an exclusive population, for example, in only one sex, authors should justify why, except in obvious cases (e.g., prostate cancer). Authors should define how they determined race or ethnicity and justify their relevance.
  • Results: Describe the main outputs in a concise paragraph based on data analysis results.
  • Discussion: Make discussions based only on the identified results. Interpret these results by comparing them with previous research results and state the limitations of the research.
  • Conclusion: Describe the significance of the research based on research results and suggest further study needed.
  • Conflict of interest: Conflict of interest should be presented after the main text and before the reference list.
  • Authorship: The individual contributions of authors to the manuscript should be specified in this section; conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data; drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content; final approval of the version to be published. Please use initials to refer to each author's contribution.
    CGP and GML contributed to the conception and design of this study; CGP and YHK collected data; CGP performed the statistical analysis and interpretation; CGP and YHK drafted the manuscript; CGP and GML critically revised the manuscript; GML supervised the whole study process. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
  • Funding: Financial support should be written according to the information provided by the funding agency in English. If there is no financial support, this should be also stated as none.
  • Data availability: Describe data sharing in English.
  • Acknowledgement: All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship as defined above should be listed in an acknowledgement section.

4. Tables/Figures

1) Tables/Figures should be placed on a separate page and written in English, but not duplicate. The number of tables/figures in the manuscript should be no more than five.

2) All lines of tables should be single. Vertical lines are not acceptable.

3) The title of the table should be placed on the top of the table and the first letters of important words should be capitalized (e.g., Table 1. Demographic Characteristics of Participants).

4) The line spacing of tables, the title of tables, or the title of figures shall be set either 100% or single-space.

5) Tables, as well as figures, should be numbered consecutively in Arabic numerals.

6) Define abbreviations used in the tables/figures at the bottom of a table/figure (e.g., BP=Blood pressure; BT=Body temperature).

7) Table footnotes should be indicated with superscript symbols (e.g., †, ‡, §,∥, ¶, #, **) in sequence.

8) All units of measurements and concentrations should be designated.

9) The significance level should be rounded off to three decimal places (e.g., p=.003). If a p-value is .000, it shall be indicated as p<.001. If p-values have to be reported using footnotes, *, ** shall be used (e.g., *p<.05, **p <.01). The significant probability 'p' should be written in a small italic letter.

10) Only if the number of statistical data can be more than 1, 0 shall be placed in front of the decimal point, otherwise do not write "0" before the decimal point (e.g., t=0.26, F=0.92, p<.001, r=.14, R2=.61).

11) Percentage(%) should be rounded off to one decimal place (e.g., 24.7%); mean, standard deviation and a test statistic, such as t, F, x2, r, should be rounded off to two decimal places (e.g., M±SD 23.98±3.47, t=0.26, F=0.98, R2=.61).

12) The title of the figure should be placed below the figure with the first letter capitalized (e.g., Figure 1. Weekly body weight gain.).

13) The figures belonging to the same number shall be distinguished by alphabetized suffixes. (e.g., Figure 1-A, Figure 1-B)

14) As for a microscopic photo of a tissue specimen, the site, dyeing method, and magnification of the tissue shall be presented.

5. Appendix

Authors should submit an appendix to show the developed final measurement in the instrument development study and list of reviewed articles in systematic review or meta-analysis research.

6. References

1) Citation in text
In the text, citation of references should be conformed to Citing Medicine: The NLM(National Library of Medicine) Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers 2nd edition (2007) ( ). Reference should be numbered serially within 〔 〕in the order they appear (e.g., In the study by Norton et al. [23]...). When multiple references are cited together, use commas (e.g.,〔2,5〕). When more than three references are cited to indicate a series of inclusive numbers, use a hyphen (e.g.,〔3-5〕). Even if you decide to include the author's name in the text, you should insert the citation number after the author's name. If a work has one or two authors, you should insert all authors in your text (e.g., Jones [10], Jones and Smith [12]). If you want to name more than two authors in the text, you should insert the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” (e.g., Jones et al. [3]).

2) Reference list
In the reference list, the references should be numbered and listed in order of appearance in the text. The number of references should be 50 or less for an original article except for manuscripts on the structural equation model and review articles. References should be listed in English according to the NLM style ( ). Full journal name should be written with first letters of important words should be capitalized. If a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) has been assigned to the referenced article, authors should include it at the end of the page numbers of the referenced article.

References examples form:

1) Journal articles
authors’ names (including all co-authors). title. journal full name. year;volume(issue):page numbers. DOI

(1) Journal paper with up to six authors:
Won SJ, Chae YR. The effects of aromatherapy massage on pain, sleep, and stride length in the elderly with knee osteoarthritis. Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science. 2011;13(2):142-148.

(2) Journal paper with more than six authors:
Lee KS, Jeong JS, Choe MA, Kim JH, An GJ, Kim JH, et al. Development of standard syllabuses for 4 subjects (structure and function of human body, pathogenic microbiology, pathophysiology, mechanisms and effects of drug) of bionursing. Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science. 2013;15(1):33-42.

(3) Online articles not yet published in an issue
Heale R, Dickieson P, Carter L, Wenghofer EF. Nurse practitioners' perceptions of interprofessional team functioning with implications for nurse managers. Journal of Nursing Management. Forthcoming 2013 May 9.

Fujita K, Xia Z, Liu X, Mawatari M, Makimoto K. Lifestyle and health-related quality of life in Asian patients with total hip arthroplasties. Nursing & Health Sciences. 2014. Forthcoming.

2) Periodicals or magazines
Rutan C. Creating healthy habits in children. Parish Nurse Newsletter. 2012 May 15:5-6.

3) Newspaper Articles
Cho CU. Stem cell windpipe gives Korean toddler new life. The Korea Herald. 2013 May 2; Sect. 01.

authors’ name(s). title. the number of the edition. place of publication: publisher; year of publication. page numbers.

Entire book
Han MC, Kim CW. Sectional human anatomy. 3rd ed. Seoul: Ilchokak; 1991. p.85-161.

Gordon PH, Nivatvongs S. Principles and practice of surgery for the colon, rectum, and anus. 2nd ed. St Louis: Quality Medical Publishers; 1992. p.102-105.

Chapter in a book
McCabe S. Psychopharmacology and other biologic treatments. In: Boyd MA, editor. Psychiatric nursing: Contemporary practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott-Williams and Wilkins; 2005. p. 124-138.

Translated book
Stuart G. Principles and practice of psychiatric nursing. 9th ed. Kim SS, Kim KH, Ko SH, translators. Philadelphia, PA: Mosby; 2008. p.520-522.

An Edited Book
Curley MAQ, Moloney-Harmon PA, editors. Critical care nursing of infants and children. Philadelphia, PA: W.B.Saunders Co.; 2001.

Unknown authors or editors
Resumes for Nursing Careers. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Professional; 2007.

An Encyclopedia or Dictionary
Snodgrass, Mary Ellen. Historical encyclopedia of nursing. Darby, PA: Diane Publishing Company;2004.

Fitzpatrick JJ, Wallace M, editors. Encyclopedia of nursing research. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Springer Publishing Company; 2012.

Government reports
authors’ name(s). title. type of report. place of publication: publisher; year of publication. report numbers.

Smith P, Golladay K. Payment for durable medical equipment billed during skilled nursing facility stays. Final report. Dallas, TX: Dept. of Health and Human Services (US), Office of Evaluation and Inspections; 1994 Oct. Report No.: HHSI-GOEI 69200860.

Unpublished Dissertations and Theses
Not recommended. Maximally 10% in references is allowed if absolutely necessary.

authors’ names. title〔type of certificate〕. place of publication: university; year of publication. page numbers.

Doctoral dissertation
Choi YJ. A study of utilization of alternative complementary medicine by cancer patients 〔dissertation〕. Seoul: Seoul National University; 1998. p. 26-41.

Master’ s thesis
Kwon IS. Effect of music therapy on pain, discomfort, and depression for fracture patients in lower extremities〔master’s thesis〕. Daegu: Keimyung University; 2003. p. 6-11.

Cited from secondary materials
Not recommended. It is allowed only if an inevitable situation where the primary material could not be found. It shall be declared that secondary materials are cited from primary materials.

Gordis E. Relapse and craving: A commentary. Alcohol Alert. 1989;6:3. Cited by Mason BJ, Kocsis JH, Ritvo EC, Cutler RB. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of desipramine for primary alcohol dependence stratified on the presence or absence of major depression, JAMA. 1996;275:761-767.

Conference papers

Unpublished oral session presentation
author(s). paper title. Paper presented at: conference title, the year, place, place.

Lanktree C, Briere J. Early data on the trauma symptom checklist for children. Paper presented at: The meeting of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children; 1991 January 23-25; San Diego, CA.

Unpublished poster session presentation
author(s). paper title. Poster session presented at: conference title, the year, place, place.

Ruby J, Fulton C. Beyond redlining: Editing software that works. Poster session presented at: The annual meeting of the Society for Scholarly Publishing; 1993, June 6; Washington, DC.

author(s). paper title. Paper presented at: conference title, the year, place. place: Publisher; year of publication. page number.

Pacak K, Aguilera G, Sabban E, Kvetnansky R, editors. Stress: current neuroendocrine and genetic approaches. 8th Symposium on Catecholamines and Other Neurotransmitters in Stress; 2003 Jun 28-Jul 3; Smolenice Castle, Slovakia. New York: New York Academy of Sciences; 2004 Jun. p. 159.

Web sites
author(s). title [Internet]. place of publication: publisher; year of publication [date of citation]. Available from URL.

Hooper JF. Psychiatry & the Law: Forensic Psychiatric Resource Page[Internet]. Tuscaloosa(AL): University of Alabama, Department of Psychiatry and Neurology; 1999 Jan 1 [cited 2007 Feb 23]. Available from:


All submitted manuscripts are first reviewed by journal editor-in-chief. If a manuscript fails to comply with the submission guidelines or the checklist, it will be rejected for review and then returned to the author, to be re-written and re-submitted according to the submission guidelines.

Review process

All manuscripts are sent simultaneously to three reviewers for blind peer review. Authors will receive notification of the reviewer’s comments with the publication decision (accept, accept with minor revision, review after major revision, reject).

Submission of revised manuscript

According to the reviewers’ recommendations, the authors should revise the manuscript with the presentation in red and submit revised manuscripts with a table for reaction to the reviewer’s recommendations via an online submission system within 14 days. If necessary, the Editorial Board may consult statisticians during the review process. Rejected papers may have one more chance to have a peer-review process if the author resubmits the paper after complete revision.


Manuscript editor’s review

The finally accepted manuscript will be reviewed by the manuscript editor of JKBNS for the consistency of the format and the completeness of references.


Before publication, the proof will be sent via email to the corresponding author for approval. The proof must be returned after the approval of the corresponding author within 48 hours.

Publication fee

Upon acceptance, the publication fee of 400,000 Korean Won (400 USD) per article is requested to the corresponding author.

Online Open and Subscription services

1. Full texts of the journals can be viewed free of charge, and the site URL is

2. If you are interested in subscribing JKBNS, mail to Subscription to the JKBNS is available by requesting a subscription of the Korean Society of Nursing Science. A subscription fee of 40,000 won (KRW) is charged for 1 year, and the journals (February, May, August, November issues) are delivered by mail.

Enacted Feb. 1999
Revised Dec. 2007
Revised Jan. 2010
Revised May 2012
Revised May 2013
Revised Dec. 2014
Revised Nov. 2015
Revised Nov. 2017
Revised Apr. 2018
Revised Feb. 2019
Revised Feb. 2020
Revised Feb. 2021
Revised Nov. 2022
Revised Oct. 2023

Journal of Korean
Nursing Science

Print ISSN: 2383-6415
Online ISSN: 2383-6423

Editorial Office
Department of Nursing Science, Chungbuk National University,
1, Chungdae-ro, Seowon-gu, Cheongju-si, Chungcheongbuk-do, Republic of Korea, 28644
Tel: +82-43-249-1797    Fax: +82-43-266-1710    E-mail:                

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